Know All About Mesothelioma Cancer

Know All About Mesothelioma Cancer. Here we will talk about a very rare and deadliest form of cancer called Mesothelioma Cancer. A case of Mesothelioma cancer occurs very rarely in humans,

like in India in a year less than 1,000 cases are registered for Mesothelioma and in US it is estimated that about 3,000 people are diagnosed every year with this. It mostly occurs in men and the average age for a Pleural Mesothelioma diagnosis is 69. 

Know All About Mesothelioma Cancer

Know All About Mesothelioma Cancer

What is Mesothelioma ?

Doctors often use Malignant Mesothelioma word for this disease. However commonly it is called Mesothelioma, it is a type of cancer that develops from the thin layer of tissue that effects many internal organs of human body. It develops in the lining of the lungs, abdomen or heart and caused by Asbestos. Mesothelioma basically starts in cells of Mesothelium creating a cancerous or malignant tumor that grows and destroys nearby tissues.

How it develops ?

Exposure to Asbestos fiber, when they are breathed in they travel to the Lungs and get sticked to the outer lining of Lungs, Abdomen or Heart. The trapped fibers irritates Mesothelial cells that develop into tumors. Exposure to asbestos fibers damage cells and also results in uncontrolled cell growth.

Know All About Mesothelioma Cancer

Life Expectancy

How long a patient lives depends on several factors like age, health and stage of the disease. However,  On an average a Mesothelioma patient survives upto  12 to 21 months, 40% survive more than 1 year and about only 9% survive more than 5 years.


There are three types of Mesothelioma and here we will explain the symptoms type by type. This is so beacuse symptoms vary significantly on the type and stage of Mesothelioma a patient has. Mesothelioma symptoms rarely appear in the early stages because the cancer does not cause symptoms until the tumors have grown and spread.

Mesothelioma takes long time to develop and hence symptoms appear more clearly around at the stage 3 or 4.

1. Plueral Mesothelioma Symptoms

75% of Mesothelioma cases are of this form and thus it is the most common form of Mesothelioma cancer. It is caused by Asbestos Fibers, which become trapped in the lining of the lungs, called as Pluera.

Symptoms are:-

  • Fatigue
  • Continuous Coughing
  • Fever and Night sweats
  • Body Aches
  • Breathing Problem
  • Weight Loss
  • chest pain
  • Plueral Effusion
  • Blood Clotting Disorders
  • Coughing up blood

2. Peritoneal Mesothelioma Symptoms

Peritoneal Mesothelioma develops in the Lining of the Abdomen which is known as Peritoneum. About 1/4th cases of Mesothelioma of this type.

Symptoms are:-

  • Fever
  • Anemia
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Abdominal Pain and swelling
  • Constipation
  • Weight Loss
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Bowel Obstruction
  • Ascites
  • Hernias

3. Pericardial Mesothelioma Symptoms

Exact Location or origin of this type of Mesothelioma remains unknown even after the death of patient. Less than Mesothelioma cases are of this type.

Symptoms are:-

  • Irregular Heartbeats
  • Fever and Night sweats
  • Chest pain
  • Pericardial Effusion
  • Difficulty in Breathing
  • Pericardial Bleeding
  • Heart Murmurs

Know All About Mesothelioma Cancer

Symptoms of Mesothelioma By Stage

Initial stages of Mesothelioma:-

  • Pleural Effusion
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Breathing Shortness
  • Dry Cough

Last Stages of Mesothelioma:-

  • Loss of Appetite
  • Bowel Obstruction
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Difficulty Swallowing
  • Weight Loss
  • Anemia
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Respiratory Problems
  • Increased Pain

Mesothelioma Tests 

Mesothelioma tests should be performed once a patient experiences mesothelioma symptoms to determine the cause.

Once a patient experiences symptoms like coughing, respiratory problems, bowel obstruction, breathing problems and many more, it is necessary to visit a doctor. Only after the cause of symptoms is known a treatment process can be proceeded further.

Below are some of the Mesothelioma test to Diagnose it:

  • Blood Marker Tests
  • Mesothelioma Biopsies
  • Imaging Test like X-Ray, CT scan, PET, MRI etc.


There is no cure for Mesothelioma, however if the disease is caught in its early stage treatment options are there to improve health conditions. It is so beacuse symptoms are observed only when the disease is at advanced stage.

There are some type of treatment used for Malignant Mesothelioma cancer. They are:-

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Biologic Therapy
  • Surgery
  • Target Therapy

All these treatments may also cause side effects. Mesothelioma is fatal disease, once the cancer cells spread beyond its origin, it is regarded to be advanced and Surgery is no longer an option.

Know All About Mesothelioma Cancer

Prevention Measures

Asbestos Fiber does not causes only Mesothelioma but it also causes many other health issues.

  • People working in power pants, chemical plants and shipyards should keep them away from asbestos as much as possible.
  • Use proper work practices.
  • Be aware of asbestos and harmful nature.
  • Medical surveillance to workers exposed to asbestos fiber.
  • Perform Air monitoring and keep records
  • Always wear proper covers while working with asbestos.
  • Maintain cleanliness at home from all type of dusts.
  • Maintain a healthy diet.
  • Get a Mesothelioma blood Test.
  • Get regular health checkups.

Mesothelioma : Fatal or Curable

Once the cancer cells have spread beyond its origin, then the mesothelioma is at its advanced stage and surgery is no longer a option to save patients life. So, its can be said that Mesothelioma is a Fatal disease and not not curable because according to Thoracic society of America, Malignant Mesothelioma is Fatal disease with minimum survival time of 12 months from the first sign of illness and maximum survival time of 5 years if diagnosed at initial stages, where surgery can be done.

That’s all for basics of Mesothelioma, checkout our next article for more details on Mesothelioma.






79 Comments on “Know All About Mesothelioma Cancer”

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  2. Thanks for your valuable post. Over time, I have come to understand that the symptoms of mesothelioma cancer are caused by the particular build up associated fluid between your lining in the lung and the torso cavity. The illness may start within the chest area and pass on to other areas of the body. Other symptoms of pleural mesothelioma cancer include fat loss, severe inhaling and exhaling trouble, nausea, difficulty eating, and swelling of the face and neck areas. It ought to be noted that some people existing with the disease never experience any kind of serious indicators at all.

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