Why are there wars in the World – Reasons for Wars

Why are there wars in the World – Reasons for Wars. People have always waged wars. Earlier, the reason was to expand empires, but today natural resources such as crude oil, ores, precious stones, and even water are major causes for wars. Even religion frequently plays a role, for instance, in the conflict between Israel and the neighbouring countries in the middle east.

Why are there wars in the World – Reasons for Wars

Why are there wars in the World - Reasons for Wars

Why are there wars in the World – Reasons for Wars

In modern wars, information provided by the intelligence service is as important as the soldiers and their weapons. Wars are always terrible for the people, especially for the child soldiers.

Civil Wars

Why are there wars in the World - Reasons for Wars

 

A civil war is not a war between two countries, but a war in which two are more groups fight within the same country. They can be either different groups of people fighting against each other or the army fighting against a part of the population. In Iraq, for instance, two different sects of Muslims, the Shias and the Sunnis, have been fighting for years. In Africa, civil wars flare up from time to time, usually when elections are to be held or when power has been forcibly taken away from someone. There are problems after a civil war too, because people need to live in the same country with people against whom they had fought earlier.

Sudanese Civil War

Why are there wars in the World - Reasons for Wars

The civil war in Sudan, a conflict between Muslims and Christians, Arabs and Africans, or North and South has claimed 2 million lives. The civilian death toll is one of the highest of any war since World War II. Religion, ethnicity and regional issues were the key factors responsible in the early days of the conflict. However, the recent reasons are based on economic lines. Ecological problems, scarcity of resources, and the drought made the situation worse. A comprehensive peace Agreement was signed in 2005 in Nairobi between the rebels and the government to end the conflict.

Why are there wars in the World – Reasons for Wars

September 11, 2001 Attack

On September 11, 2001, terrorists hijacked four passenger planes in the USA and crashed them into skyscrapers in New York and into the Pentagon building. The terrorists, the pilots, and 3000 innocent people died in these attacks. The leader of Al-Qaeda, Osama bin Laden, claimed responsibility for this massive attacks.

Reasons For Wars

Every war has a reason. The causes of wars include conquest, freedom, or religion. The conflicts in the Middle East as well as the wars in Iraq are good example of this. One of them started in 2003 with the Iraqis gaining freedom from their dictator. In the civil wars, such as those in Sudan, which often resulted in large famines, the issue was mostly the inequalities in the society. Since September 11, 2001, a new form of war, war against international terrorism has come up.

Terrorism 

Terrorism is the use of terror in the the form of violence or threats to force an individual or group to accept the demands of terrorists. Terrorists intentionally destabilize the society and the state through acts of violence like kidnapping or attacks. In their opinion they are waging a war for freedom. For instance, in the Basque region in Spain the ETA has killed more than 800 people in its struggle for an independent state in the past 40 years.

Child Soldiers

Above all, It is gruesome fact that children, sometimes as young as eight years old, are sent as soldiers to fight in civil wars. There are about 300,000 child soldiers worldwide, for instance, in Africa, in Columbia, and Myanmar. The children may be used as porters , cooks or fighters. Before sending them to wars, the army promises them money and a better life, but the reality is just the opposite.

Reasons for the wars in Iraq

The war has been waged three times in Iraq since 1980. In the first war, Iraq fought against Iran, and in the next two wars, several countries under the leadership of USA fought with Iraq. For many years, the West in an attempt to secure its influence in the Middle East rich in oil had supported the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. However, the tables turned in 1990 when Iraq occupied the small neighbouring country of Kuwait and the western countries came to its rescue. The main issue was crude oil. The USA accused Iraq of having weapons of mass destruction, and invaded the country in 2003 with the western allies, defeated the army there, and arrested Saddam Hussein. Since then, the country has been facing a humanitarian crisis of alarming scale of severity.

Why are there wars in the World – Reasons for Wars

How can one stop wars ?

There has to be a dialogue between the warring nations to stop the war. If there is a crisis anywhere in the world, politicians from other countries often try to mediate between the fighting parties. They are often able to convince them to talk to each other and to reach a compromise. This is one of the main tasks of the UNO (United Nations Organisation). The UNO can also send their own special troops to the crisis area to bring about peace.

UN Peacekeeping 

The United Nations was established on 24 October, 1945 in the aftermath of the two World Wars. The purpose was to save subsequent generations from wars. Over the decades, the UN has ended many conflicts through peacekeeping operations. UN peacekeeping operations are crucial for International peace and security. UN peacekeeping forces received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988. This brought international recognition to UN peacekeeping.

Why are there wars in the World – Reasons for Wars

Intelligence Services  

All countries have their own intelligence services. They employ agents to get secret military, economic, political, or scientific information about other countries. Satellites are also launched in space to get information about the activities in the world. News satellites sometimes spy on their own citizens. Pakistan’s ISI and the United States CIA are well-known intelligence agencies. The British Secret Intelligence (MI6) works overseas to make the UK safer and more prosperous.

 

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